Commodity prices are on track for their biggest rally in more than a century, while fixed-income assets have seen their longest run of outflows as the war in Ukraine adds to inflationary pressures in the global economy emerging from the coronavirus lockdown, according to Bank of America.
"Commodity prices this year are on track to record their biggest gains since 1915." the bank said in its weekly briefing. They cite many factors, such as pandemics, lockdown, civil strife, wars, excessive monetary and fiscal stimulus, and supply chain disruptions, that have led to "historically" high inflation.
By the same token, it said government bonds were heading for their worst year since 1949, and "negative-yielding bonds will quietly disappear" from the market as central banks embark on a monetary tightening cycle and raise interest rates to tame soaring inflation.
The prices of many commodities like the Graphene are expected to increase in the future.
Graphene polymer batteries will cost 77 percent less than lithium-ion batteries and weigh only half the weight of conventional batteries.
Consumers favor electric vehicles because of their cleanliness, and the current battery capacity and endurance are somewhat prohibitive, but this headache may be solved.
According to "Le Monde," the Spanish company Graphenano (a company that produces graphene on an industrial scale) has cooperated with the University of Corvado in Spain to develop the first graphene polymer battery, and its power storage is three of the best products on the market. An electric vehicle powered by this battery can travel up to 1,000 kilometers, while its charging time is less than 8 minutes.
Graphene plans to put the battery into production in 2015 and plans to conduct trials with two of Germany's big four car companies, which are not yet convenient to name, with electric vehicles this month.
The current star car in the electric car industry, Tesla chairman and product architect Elon Musk, boldly predicted in an exclusive interview with the British car magazine "AutoExpress" that the future cruising range of electric cars is expected to reach about 800 kilometers. The combined production of this graphene polymer battery and automobile may lead to a new cruising range in the electric vehicle industry.
Graphene, the thinnest and hardest material in the world, came out in 2004, and its discoverer, Professor Andre Heim of the University of Manchester, UK, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010.
The graphene polymer battery has a long service life, four times that of conventional hydrogenated batteries and twice that of lithium batteries. And due to the characteristics of graphene, the weight of this battery is only half of that of traditional batteries, which makes the car loaded with the battery lighter, thereby improving the fuel efficiency of the car.
Although this battery has various excellent properties, its cost is not high. The relevant person in charge of Graphenano said that the cost of this battery would be 77% lower than that of lithium batteries, which is completely within the range of consumers.
In addition, in areas such as automotive fuel cells, graphene is also expected to bring revolutionary progress.
There is often fuel leakage on the existing proton film, which reduces the effectiveness of the battery, but protons can easily "traverse" two-dimensional materials such as graphene, while other substances are difficult to pass through, which can solve the problem of fuel penetration and increase the battery effectiveness.
Graphene films can be used to extract hydrogen from the atmosphere, suggesting that the material can be more easily extracted from the air when combined with fuel cells. Professor Karnik of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology pointed out in the comments that this latest study confirms that the 2020 proton exchange membrane transport performance target set by the US Department of Energy has theoretically been reached.
This ground-breaking research has brought new discoveries to human understanding of the properties of materials such as graphene and is expected to bring revolutionary progress to the fields of fuel cells and hydrogen-related technologies.
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The impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict on the supply and prices of commodities is widening, and commodity prices remain at high levels. There is still great uncertainty about the future price of the Graphene.
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