Russia and Ukraine is an important exporters of oil, natural gas, metals, fertilizers, rare gases and other industrial raw materials. Affected by the further intensification of the tension of the war, the global market has become more worried about the supply of the GH4049 alloy rod, and panic spreads in the futures market. Prices of commodities such as aluminum and nickel are at recent highs on concerns that supplies will fall. Russia accounts for 49 percent of global exports of nickel, 42 percent of palladium, 26 percent of aluminum and 13 percent of platinum, and is a significant exporter of steel and copper. Palladium is an important metal for sensors and memory. In addition, Russia is the world's largest exporter of nitrogen fertilizer, the second largest exporter of potash fertilizer, and the third-largest exporter of phosphate fertilizer. Ukraine is also an important producer of nitrogen fertilizer. Russia's natural gas supply also has a significant impact on the global fertilizer industry and GH4049 alloy rod industry, especially in Europe. The price of the GH4049 alloy rod will also fluctuate to some extent. Russia carries out crude gas separation, and Ukraine is responsible for refined exports. Ukraine supplies 70% of the world's neon, 40% of krypton and 30% of xenon. These three gases are the materials used to make chips.
GH4049 is a Ni-Co-Cr-based deposition hardening deformation superalloy, the application temperature is lower than 950℃. The alloy has good oxidation resistance below 1000°C, and high high-temperature compressive strength below 950°C, which is suitable for the production of natural gas turbocharger blades with operating temperatures ranging from 850°C to 950°C. The key equipment includes hot rolling and forging bar stock and free forging turbine blades.
Application and characteristics of GH4049 superalloy
Alloys have been used to make aircraft engine turbine blades and other high temperature load-bearing parts. After a long period of manufacture and application, it has become one of the most widely used foliar raw materials.
Compared with similar nickel-based alloys in the same way, the alloy's hot working process plasticity is weak, but after electroslag remelting or vacuum pump electric remelting, its production and processing plasticity can be improved, with fracture at 1000 ° C ~ 1170 ° C The toughness is increased by 1~3 times.
Heat treatment process rules and regulations:
1200℃±10℃ heat preservation for 2 hours air cooling+1050℃±10℃ heat preservation for 4 hours air cooling+850℃±10℃ heat preservation for 8 hours air cooling, HB363~302
GH4049 is a nickel-based aging-strengthened alloy with high high temperature strength below 950 degrees, small notch sensitivity, good oxidation resistance and fatigue strength, but poor hot working plasticity. Vacuum consumable or electroslag remelting can improve its heat processing plasticity
GH4049 alloy has been used to make aero-engine turbine blades and other high-temperature load-bearing parts. After long-term production and use test, it has become one of the most widely used blade materials.
The new process of constant temperature toughness rolling is applied to the production practice of GH4049 alloy hot-rolled bars. The production process and product quality are relatively stable, and the products can meet the needs of the market in large quantities, so they have been well evaluated by users, both economic and social benefits. relatively significant.
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