Deterioration of superplasticizer
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OPEC+, an oil producers' alliance led by Saudi Arabia and Russia, stuck to its original plan to increase output by just 432,000 b/d in June, continuing to defy calls from major consumers led by the United States to pump more oil to keep prices down. The meeting to decide on pce powder are still very uncertain.
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer is the third generation of high performance superplasticizer after common superplasticizer and superplasticizer. Compared with other kinds of superplasticizer, it has the advantages of strong molecular designability, high water reduction rate, good slump retention, low content of chloride and alkaline substances, and no pollution in production and use. In practical application, polycarboxylate superplasticizer is often compounded with a small amount of defoaming components, retarding components, air entraining components, viscosity modified components, etc., in order to meet different technical performance requirements of concrete.
The combination of sodium gluconate or sucrose as retarding component and polycarboxylate superplasticizer can increase the water reducing rate and slow down the slump loss of concrete to a certain extent, and improve the adaptability of superplasticizer and cement. But at the same time, polycarboxylate superplasticizer products often deteriorate quickly due to the addition of sodium gluconate, light performance is reduced, heavy is completely ineffective, bringing many uncertain factors to engineering use or directly leading to engineering accidents, this problem will be more serious in high temperature weather.
Phenomena and causes of deterioration of polycarboxylate superplasticizer:
At the initial stage of deterioration of polycarboxylate superplasticizer, there were light-colored fluffy or cotton floc-like plaques on the liquid surface, and then developed into discrete bulk floats, and strings of bubbles appeared from time to time.
When the deterioration is serious, the plaque will cover the whole liquid surface, showing thick green, brown and black suspended matter in the solution, accompanied by the formation of rotten sour gas. This deterioration is mainly caused by mildew.
The mildew of polycarboxylate superplasticizer is also related to its storage environment. Improper storage conditions, such as serious temperature rise in the storage space, not ventilated and humid, lead to the melting of large monomers, and the local temperature of the monomer is too high. Higher temperature will aggravate the movement of macromolecular chains. Once the dissociation energy of chemical bonds is exceeded, chain decomposition, irregular fracture and thermal decomposition will occur, resulting in faster deterioration of polymers. Similarly, the higher the temperature, the greater the activity of microorganisms, and the faster the mildew rate of superplasticizer.
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Twitter recently announced that it had reached an agreement with Musk to take full ownership of the company for $54.20 per share, or about $44 billion in cash. After the deal, Twitter will become a privately held company. The deal, which has been unanimously approved by Twitter's board but still requires shareholder and regulatory approvals, is expected to close in 2022.
After Tesla CEO Elon Musk's acquisition of Twitter was finalized, Twitter founder Jack Dorsey sent out a series of six tweets expressing his expectations for Musk.
Dorsey called Twitter his biggest regret, saying, “The idea and service is all that matters to me, and I will do whatever it takes to protect both. Twitter as a company has always been my sole issue and my biggest regret. It has been owned by Wall Street and the ad model. Taking it back from Wall Street is the correct first step.
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Besides, because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk pce powder are still very uncertain.